Note to Correspondents: Executive Summary of the UNGA High Level Side Event on Sudan – Sudan


The United Nations and the Norwegian government convened a high-level side event on Sudan on September 30, 2021 on the sidelines of the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly. Delegations from 24 Member States and 8 international and regional organizations took part.

The event started with an opening speech by HE Mr. António Guterres, Secretary General of the United Nations, and HE Ms. Ine Marie Eriksen Søreide, Foreign Minister of Norway, followed by a speech by HE Mr. Abdalla Hamdok, Prime Minister of the Sudanese. Member States and organizations then made comments in support of Sudan’s transition to inclusive democracy. The Secretary-General commended the people of Sudan for their perseverance in this historic transition as it seeks to achieve their aspirations for an inclusive, peaceful, prosperous and democratic future. In the past two years, the transitional government has achieved important milestones and, despite ongoing challenges, particularly in establishing transitional institutions and ensuring justice for past abuses, has continued to promote democratic governance and peace efforts. The high-level side event provided an opportunity to take stock of overall progress so far and reaffirm international support for the transition at a critical juncture. The Secretary-General urged all parties to remain committed to the transition, stressing that any efforts to undermine it would jeopardize hard-earned political and economic advances.

In his remarks, Prime Minister Hamdok referred to the achievements and challenges of the Sudanese transition. He highlighted Sudan’s legislative reform process and the economic reform efforts that would have enabled it to obtain debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) and move Sudan towards economic progress and improved investment conditions. Prime Minister Hamdok also highlighted ongoing efforts to implement the Juba Peace Agreement (JPA), signed almost a year ago, as well as efforts to reach an agreement with unsigned armed movements. He announced that agreement had been reached on the establishment of the Monitoring and Evaluation Mechanism, an important strategic coordination mechanism that will help ensure the timely implementation of the JPA. The Prime Minister briefed participants on the significant challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic and the influx of refugees into Sudan, the prevailing security challenges, the deep economic hardships of the population and the ongoing challenges for the peace process and political transition. He stressed that Sudan continues to seek to deepen its partnership with the international community in order to strengthen the country’s long road to socio-economic recovery, attract investment and achieve sustainable peace and inclusive development. Recalling the recent failed attempt to overthrow the transitional government, Prime Minister Hamdok finally expressed his appreciation to international partners for their solidarity in condemning and denouncing the coup attempt and reaffirmed Sudan’s unwavering commitment to master the challenges of its multidimensional transition.

The participants paid tribute to the progress made by the transitional government and the sacrifices the Sudanese people have made since the beginning of the revolution. They expressed grave concern over the attempted coup in Khartoum on September 21, condemned all efforts to undermine Sudan’s progress and urged Sudan to stay on course and complete its historic transition. Faced with growing insecurity and intermunicipal tensions in Darfur, the east and elsewhere in the country, participants called for more effective protection of civilians and reaffirmed their commitment to assist Sudan in these efforts. Participants underlined the need to implement the JPA, welcomed the establishment of the Armistice Standing Committee and called for further progress in the implementation of other security arrangements. Participants also welcomed the establishment of the JPA’s monitoring and evaluation mechanism as a confidence-building measure that will serve as a critical forum for discussion and resolution of contentious issues.

Participants also underlined their commitment to ease the conditions for the success of the transition, which remains vital to the stability and prosperity of the entire region. The meeting welcomed international efforts to mobilize resources in support of Sudan since the beginning of the transition. These efforts had resulted in significant commitments and other in-kind contributions. One of the main symbols of the international community’s commitment to the transition in Sudan was the establishment of the United Nations Integrated Mission in Support of Transition in Sudan (UNITAMS) on June 3, 2020. The mission continues to provide international assistance to those of Sudan Political and peace processes conducted and nationally owned. It also assists the transitional government in protecting the civilian population and mobilizing resources for economic and humanitarian aid. UNITAMS runs programs in the areas of peacebuilding, rule of law and human rights. The participants underlined the importance of a close partnership between the United Nations, the African Union and the Intergovernmental Development Agency, including in addressing regional challenges for peace and security in the Horn of Africa.

The meeting welcomed steps taken to increase the meaningful and effective participation of women in the peace process and stressed the importance of ensuring gender equitable outcomes. In this context, the participants stressed that empowering and involving women in all aspects of transition improves the prospects for lasting peace, stability, social cohesion and economic progress. The participants also emphasized the importance of the rapid establishment of the Transitional Legislative Council with 40 percent women. The meeting encouraged the transitional authorities to also make a concerted effort to ensure that the aspirations of the youth are met.

Eventually, participants committed to continuing to support Sudan and mobilizing all available bilateral and multilateral assistance in line with sustained progress on the ground and towards a more peaceful and prosperous Sudan.

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