Gender equality is a human right, but our world faces many gaps in access to opportunities and empowerment for women and men. In every epoch it remained just a slogan and nothing happened in practice to the extent that it could fully and actually work.
Globally, women have fewer opportunities than men for economic participation, less access to basic and higher education, greater health and safety risks, and less political representation. Women’s empowerment is a so-called myth. Witnessing women’s rights and enabling them to fulfill their full potential is important not only to achieve gender equality, but also to achieve a wider range of international goals. If women and girls are guaranteed their basic rights today, it would be better for them to contribute to the health and productivity of their families and to social growth, especially for their countries, in national growth.
The word gender refers to both men and women for equal rights in the social construction of societies. While gender equality means that men and women have equal power and rights for education, personal independence and social development. There is a broad development coming from empowering women, and it will only come true if gender equality is known as an aspect of it. Women’s empowerment does not mean making a woman equal to a man, but involves enhancing a woman’s self-esteem, her decision-making power, her access to opportunities and resources, her power and control over her own life inside and outside the home. and most importantly, their ability to effect change.
Broadly speaking, education is a critical area to focus on and witness to the injustice of gender equality. Although the world has moved towards women’s greater interest in gender equality in education, girls account for a higher percentage of the percentage of children who are out of school than boys. It is painful to note that a quarter of girls in the developing world are not in school. Typically, low-income families with limited resources cannot afford expenses such as school fees, uniforms, and even books. Hence, families give birth to girls to do housework, carry water and look after children, which is the constant result of gender inequality. In fact, an educated girl is more likely to delay marriage, have a smaller family, have healthier children, and send her children to school.
Women’s health and safety is another important area. HIV/AIDS is becoming an increasingly important concern for women. This may be related to women’s fewer health education opportunities, unequal power in sexual partnerships, or a result of gendered passion. The health of the mother is also an issue of particular importance. In many countries, women have limited access to prenatal and infant care and are more concerned during pregnancy and childbirth. In many countries, it remained a critical concern that girls marry and have children before they are ready or forced into marriage before the age of 18.
Globally, no country has fully reached the level of gender equality. A true finding proves that gender equality is the economic and political empowerment of women. Unfortunately, although women make up more than 50% of the world’s population, they own only 1% of the world’s wealth. All over the world, women and girls are doing their best to do all the household chores without any prior payment. After all, in some places women still do not have property and inheritance rights, access credit, earn income or advance in their jobs. In all areas of life, including at home and in public, women are largely underestimated and underrepresented as decision-makers. Even on the political surface, they should be the real change in democracy, but they still lack equal participation.