In several countries women have been identified as potential workers in the ornamental fisheries sector (Lee, 2005; Jayashankar 1998 and Bertram 1996). Many women in India, especially in rural regions, have taken up ornamental fish farming or farming as a profession (Sahoo et al. 2011). Women are encouraged to explore ornamental fish farming as it requires few simple techniques and minimal investment.
A backyard pond or a small place to set up a few fish tanks can empower women in performing the surgeries while balancing household responsibilities and useful roles in society. Ornamental fish have a higher assessed value than edible fish. As a result, this sector offers both rural and urban households an incredible opportunity to supplement their income. In India, almost all tank raised ornamental fish are from small or backyard farms. However, these units are unable to produce ornamental fish species that are in demand in the global market due to a lack of adequate infrastructure and essential inputs such as suitable feed, growing broodstock, etc. The ornamental fish trade relies on a reliable and sufficient supply of demand, which can only be achieved through mass breeding (Satam et al. 2018).
Culture system in the backyard
Culture tanks include cement cisterns, all-glass aquariums, soil ponds, and even soil pots. Cement cisterns are commonly used in the backyard or rooftop of urban and suburban landless farmers. A modest rearing unit can make do with two or three cement cisterns (approx. 3m x 2m x 1m). For easier drainage, the cisterns are built above ground. Because heaters and aerators can be used indoors, all-glass aquariums are recommended for breeding. Small underground tanks can be used by farmers to raise juveniles with food fish. For the rearing of the larvae and juveniles, marginal farmers even use huge soil pots with a diameter of 1.5 m.
Backyard technologies are usually made available to them. The participation of women in aquaculture extension and training programs has not been prioritized (Acharya and Benneth, 1982). According to several case studies, women can also lead integrated farms like Floricum-with-fish culture, Duck-with-fish culture, Poultry-with-fish culture, etc. Raising ornamental fish in the home requires relatively little space, talent, or time and can improve the household’s financial situation.
Empowerment of women through ornamental plants in the backyard
Women’s empowerment can be the most important technique to improve their status. The most improved technology for empowering rural women and lifting them out of poverty is determined by local economic, cultural and political situations. Rural women’s empowerment can be significantly improved by increasing their employment in income-generating activities such as aquaculture. Recipients of the Women’s Empowerment program receive the necessary training and supplies to raise fish seed to raise seedlings in backyard ponds as a part-time job to supplement their families’ incomes.
Women entrepreneurs can make a significant contribution to the nation’s gross national product. They help create job opportunities for needy women. They can instill a sense of financial independence in their children and in other women. Overall, it increases the standard of living of the women’s groups and leads to increased self-esteem. Women are well suited to this ornappreneurial path because of their intrinsic patience, but only if properly trained. Significant effort is required to unlock the existing and latent entrepreneurial skills of people in this sector.
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Sahoo, PK, Dash HK and Biswal. J (2011). Promoting ornamental fish culture through women’s participation: Some insights.
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Satam, SB, Sawant, NH, Ghughuskar, MM, Sahastrabuddhe, VD, Naik, VV, Pagarkar, AU, Chogale, ND, Metar, SY, Shinde, KM, Sadawart, VR and Sawant, AN, 2018. Ornamental fisheries: a new one Ways to supplement farm income.Journal of Advanced Agricultural Research and Technology,2(2), pp. 193-197.
Jham Lal1*devatii2 and Tameshwar2
1College of Fisheries, Lembucherra, Central Agricultural University, Imphal
* Corresponding author:
E-mail: [email protected]